Former Mayor of London | UKKen Livingstone served as London‘s first elected mayor from 2000–08. He is one of the leading thinkers on the future of cities, and one of the most knowledgeable visionaries in this field. Livingstone has established a reputation for doing what is right for London, from leading the way in challenging discrimination at the Greater London Council, to the ground breaking introduction of the congestion charge, to his policies for dealing with climate change today. He oversaw the bid that led to the 2012 Summer Olympics, leading to the regeneration of the entire East London area. Livingstone also initiated improvements in energy saving and recycling, and enacted environmental and civil rights policies.